2019-01-23 10:10:25来源:新航道作者:广州新航道学校


Listening 听力
Section 1美国家庭旅游租用接车和住宿
1. Telephone No.0419657156 
2. Send things by mail
3. Price for renting: $39 per day
Special requirement for room:
4. An extra bed 
5. Equipment: kitchen on the top   
6. Need to have a  heater
7. Microwave 
8. Pick them up back from the airport  
9. Insurance: the youngest driver’s age Caroline: 49 years old
10. License issued in Australia 
Section2  Fitness Center运动中心
11. What was newly established?          
 Dance studio
12. When is the busiest time?  
 A. Weekdays         
 B. Weekday evening
 C. Weekends
13. How to get discount?  
 A. Cash  
 B. Book in advance 
 C. Credit card       
14. What benefit new customer can get?            
 A,free training for today only
15. Why did the gym win an award?                  
Offering professional advisers
16. Why most people give up half a way?         
C. No companion
17. general training = B. the leg strength
18. training = D. better concentration
19. Aerobic training = F. release stress
20. squash = A. react time

Section 3 Bees And Mites       
21. Varroa mites have been found on flowers
22. Then the carried by bees and hide under the hive 
23. Cover their smell by honey
24. The adults suck the “blood” of adult honey bees
25. the female mite enters a honey bee brood cell
26. The compromised adult bees are more prone to infections cause by virus
27. Europe bumble bee = spread weeds  
28.Italian bee = warm climate  
29. Africanized honeybees are = very aggressive 
30. Rare Carniolan bees = too few to help farmers
Section 4 建筑材料
31.the foundation is constructed of natural materials
32. use the best soil and sand
33. the bricks contain a lot of high quality clay
34.advantages: cheap and convenient
35.the process of brick making takes a good training
36.it needs water, time and labor
37.firstly, the roof need to be set up
38. it is covered with plaster to prevent insects
39. 暂无
40. it has a risk of fire

Reading 阅读

Passage 1 英国农业
Passage 2:古埃及壁画
Passage 3:Communication in science

A Science plays an increasingly significant role in people’s lives, making the faithful communication of scientific developments more important than ever. Yet such communication is fraught with challenges that can easily distort  iscussions, leading to unnecessary confusion and misunderstandings.
B  Some problems stem from the esoteric nature of current research and the associated difficulty of finding sufficiently faithful terminology ( 术语). Abstraction and complexity are not signs that a given scientific direction is wrong, as some commentators have suggested, but are instead a tribute to the success of human ingenuity in meeting the increasingly complex challenges that nature presents. They can, however, make communication more difficult. But many of the biggest challenges for science reporting arise because in areas of evolving research, scientists themselves often only partly understand the full implications of any particular advance or development. Since that dynamic ( 动态的) applies to most of the scientific developments that directly affect people’s lives global warming, cancer research, diet studies—learning how to  vercome it is critical to spurring ( 刺激,鼓励)a more informed scientific debate among the broader public.
C  Ambiguous word choices are the source of some misunderstandings. Scientists often employ colloquial terminology, which they then assign a specific meaning that is impossible to fathom ( 彻底理解)without proper training. The term “relativity,” for example, is intrinsically misleading. Many interpret the theory to mean that everything is relative and there are no absolutes. Yet although the measurements any observer makes depend on his coordinates and reference frame, the physical phenomena he measures have an invariant description that transcends that observer’s particular coordinates. Einstein’s theory of relativity is really about finding an invariant description of physical phenomena. True, Einstein agreed with the idea that his theory would have been better named “Invarianten theorie.“(【德】, 不变理论) But the term “relativity” was already entrenched at the time for him to change.
D “The uncertainty principle” is another frequently abused term. It is sometimes interpreted as a limitation on observers and their ability to make measurements. 
E But it is not about intrinsic limitations on any one particular measurement; it is about the inability to precisely measure particular pairs of quantities simultaneously? The first interpretation is perhaps more engaging from a philosophical or political perspective. It’s just not what the science is about.
F  Even the word “theory” can be a problem. Unlike most people, who use the word to describe a passing conjecture that they often regard as suspect, physicists have very specific ideas in mind when they talk about theories. For physicists, theories entail a definite physical framework embodied in a set of fundamental assumptions about the world that lead to a specific set of equations and predictions—ones that are borne out by successful predictions. Theories aren’t necessarily shown to be correct or complete immediately. Even Einstein took the better part of a decade to develop the correct version of his theory of general relativity. But eventually both the ideas and the measurements settle down and theories are either proven correct, abandoned or absorbed into other, more encompassing theories. 
G  “Global warming” is another example of problematic terminology. Climatologists ( 气象学家) predict more drastic fluctuations in temperature and rainfall— not necessarily that every place will be warmer. The name sometimes subverts the debate, since it lets people argue that their winter was worse, so how could there be global wanning? Clearly “global climate change” would have been a better name. But not all problems stem solely from poor word choices. Some stem from the intrinsically complex nature of much of modern science. Science sometimes transcends this limitation: remarkably, chemists were able to detail the precise chemical processes involved in the destruction of the ozone layer, making the evidence that chlorofluorocarbon gases (Freon, for example) were destroying the ozone layer indisputable.
H  A better understanding of the mathematical significance of results and less insistence on a simple story would help to clarify (澄清) many scientific discussions. For several months, Harvard was tortured months, Harvard was tortured by empty debates over the relative intrinsic scientific abilities of men and women. One of the more amusing aspects of the discussion was that those who believed in the differences and those who didn’t used the same evidence about gender-specific special ability. How could that be? The answer is that the data shows no substantial effects. Social factors might account for these tiny differences, which in any case have an unclear connection to scientific ability. Not much of a headline when phrased that way, is it? Each type of science has its own source of complexity and potential for miscommunication. Yet there are steps we can take to improve public understanding in all cases. The first would be to inculcate greater understanding and acceptance of indirect scientific evidence. The information from an unmanned space mission is no less legitimate than the information from one in which people are on board. 
I  This doesn’t mean never questioning an interpretation, but it also doesn’t mean equating indirect evidence with blind belief, as people sometimes suggest. Second, we might need different standards for evaluating science with urgent policy implications than research with purely theoretical value. When scientists say they are not certain about their predictions, it doesn’t necessarily mean they’ve found nothing substantial. It would be better if scientists were more open about the mathematical significance of their results and if the public didn’t treat math as quite so scary; statistics and errors, which tell us the uncertainty in a measurement, give us the tools to evaluate new developments fairly.
J  But most important, people have to recognize that science can be complex. If we accept only simple stories, the description will necessarily be distorted. When advances are subtle or complicated, scientists should be willing to go the extra distance to give proper explanations and the public should be more patient about the truth. Even so, some difficulties are unavoidable. Most developments reflect work in progress, so the st提供ag视讯玩法|首页ory is complex because no one yet knows the big picture.
27 Why the faithful science communication important?
A Science plays an increasingly significant role in people's lives
28 What is the reason that the author believe for the biggest challenges for science reporting
C Scientists do not totally comprehend the meaning of certain scientific evolution
29 According to the 3rd paragraph, the reference to the term and example of “theory of relativity” is to demonstrate
B common people may be misled by the inaccurate choice of scientific phrase
30 which one is a good example of appropriate word choice:
D the importance of ozone layer
31 What is surprising finding of the Harvard debates in the passage?
B the proof applied by both sides seemed to be of no big difference
32 Global warming scientifically refers to greater fluctuations in temperature = TRUE
33 More media coverage of global warming would help public to recognize the phenomenon = NOTGIVEN
34 Harvard debates should focus more on female scientist and male scientists = NOTGIVEN
35 Public understanding and acceptance of indirect scientific evidence in all cases would lead to confusion = FALSE

Science Communication is fraught with challenges that can easily distort discussions, leading to /unnecessary confusion and misunderstandings.
Firstly, Ambiguous 36word choices .are the source of some misunderstandings Common people without proper training do not understand clearly or deeply a specific scientific meaning via the 37 colloquial terminology scientists often employed. Besides, the measurements any38observer makes can not be confined to describe in a(n)constant 39invariant description yet the phenomenon can be. What's more, even the word"theory"can be a problem Theories aren' t necessarily shown to be correct or complete immediately since scientists often evolved better versions of specific theories, a good example can be the theory of 40theory of general relativity, Thus, most importantly people have to recognize that science can be complex

Writing 写作

Some people think that newspapers are the best way to learn news. However, others believe that they can learn news more effectively through other media. Discuss both views.











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